Pentecost

Stage 13

Overview

Overview

When Jesus returned to God, he sent the Holy Spirit to live in his followers. Jesus calls the Holy Spirit “the spirit of truth” (John 14:17) and tells us that the Spirit makes Christ known to his people and to the world. He convicts the world of its sin, and comforts believers with the knowledge of God. The Holy Spirit was given on the day of Pentecost, when a group of believers saw “tongues of fire” descend on them from heaven. They began to speak in different languages, and three thousand people in Jerusalem heard the news of the risen Christ and believed. God’s pledge to Abraham, that he would provide a blessing to all nations, was being fulfilled. The nations were becoming part of God’s kingdom, and God left his Spirit to be with them until Jesus returns.

We have not received the spirit of the world but the Spirit who is from God, that we may understand what God has freely given us. (ESV)

1 Corinthians 2:12

More detail
The coming of the Holy Spirit at Pentecost is the gift of the risen Christ to his followers, equipping them to spread the message of the kingdom, and enabling them to live together, as citizens of the kingdom. So the Holy Spirit does not draw attention away from Jesus, but maintains a focus on Jesus, as the one who has been appointed by God as Lord of the church. The Holy Spirit provided the following:

Power to witness

Jesus’ disciples were empowered to spread the good news of God’s kingdom.

“But you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses in Jerusalem and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth.” (ESV)

Acts 1:8

Spiritual fruit

The Holy Spirit works in the lives of people who love Jesus.

But the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, goodness, faithfulness, 23 gentleness, self-control; against such things there is no law. 24 And those who belong to Christ Jesus have crucified the flesh with its passions and desires.

25 If we live by the Spirit, let us also walk by the Spirit. (ESV)

Galatians 5:22-25

Provision for the church

The Holy Spirit provides for the church, so it can exist in unity, maturity and peace.

I therefore, a prisoner for the Lord, urge you to walk in a manner worthy of the calling to which you have been called, with all humility and gentleness, with patience, bearing with one another in love, eager to maintain the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace. There is one body and one Spirit—just as you were called to the one hope that belongs to your call— one Lord, one faith, one baptism, one God and Father of all, who is over all and through all and in all. (ESV)

Ephesians 4:1-6

When Jesus returned to God’s right hand, his people were not left alone. The Holy Spirit is ‘God with us’ until Jesus returns.

Questions

  1. What does the Holy Spirit enable us to do?
  2. Read through the ‘More detail’ section. What is the role of the Holy Spirit?

Ponder

How has the “fruit of the Spirit” been seen in your life? What can you do to consciously walk by the Spirit?

Prayer ideas

Praise God for the wonderful gift of the Holy Spirit who lives in you and works change in you from the inside. Ask God to help you to live by the Spirit every day instead of gratifying your sinful desires.